스프링 프레임워크 중요 환경 설정(web.xml, dispatcher_servlet.xml, context.xml)

Posted by HULIA(휴리아)
2016. 7. 24. 20:44 백엔드개발/자바스프링

web.xml(파일위치 :WEB-INF/web.xml)


서블릿 배포 기술자이며 WAS가 최초 구동될 때, WEB-INF 디렉토리에 존재하는 web.xml을 읽고 웹 어플리케이션을 설정한다

여기에는 spring_servlet_context.xml의 위치도 넣어주게 되어있다



기본 구조(3.1버젼)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<web-app xmlns: xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"

 xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee"

 xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee 

 http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_1.xsd" id="WebApp_ID" version="3.1">


여러가지 설정들


</web-app>




기본 구조(2.5버젼)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" 

xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"

xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"

version="2.5">


여러가지 설정들


</web-app>




여러가지 설정들 리스트

1) 필터

<filter>

<filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name>

<filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>

<init-param>

<param-name>encoding</param-name>

<param-value>UTF-8</param-value>

</init-param>

<init-param>

<param-name>forceEncoding</param-name>

<param-value>true</param-value>

</init-param>

</filter>

<filter-mapping>

<filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name>

<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>

</filter-mapping>



<filter>

<filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>

<filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>

<init-param>

<param-name>encoding</param-name>

<param-value>utf-8</param-value>

</init-param>

</filter>

<filter-mapping>

<filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>

<url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>

</filter-mapping>



<filter>

<filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>

<filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>

<init-param>

<param-name>encoding</param-name>

<param-value>UTF-8</param-value>

</init-param>

<init-param>

<param-name>forceEncoding</param-name>

<param-value>true</param-value>

</init-param>

</filter>

<filter-mapping>

<filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>

<url-pattern>/tudu/*</url-pattern>

</filter-mapping>




2) dispatcher 서블릿

<servlet>
<servlet-name>shopping3-7</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
</servlet>
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>shopping3-7</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>*.html</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>


<servlet>

<servlet-name>action</servlet-name>

<servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>

<init-param>

<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>

<param-value>/WEB-INF/config/*-servlet.xml</param-value>

</init-param>

<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>

</servlet>

<servlet-mapping>

<servlet-name>action</servlet-name>

<url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>

</servlet-mapping>




<servlet>

<servlet-name>dispatcher</servlet-name>

<servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>

<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>

</servlet>

<servlet-mapping>

<servlet-name>dispatcher</servlet-name>

<url-pattern>/tudu/*</url-pattern>

</servlet-mapping>



***<server-name>-context.xml 파일이 web.xml과 같은 위치에 있다면 init-param으로 dispatcher xml파일 이름 설정해 주지 않아도 자동으로 로드됨



3) welcome 리스트
<welcome-file-list>
    <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
</welcome-file-list>


4) context 관련
<context-param>
<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
<param-value>classpath*:config/spring/context-*.xml</param-value>
</context-param>


<context-param>

<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>

<param-value>/WEB-INF/security.xml /WEB-INF/applicationContext.xml</param-value>

</context-param>



<context-param>

<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>

<param-value>classpath:META-INF/spring/application-context.xml</param-value>

</context-param>



5) 기타 context 관련

<context-param>

<param-name>log4jConfigLocation</param-name>

<param-value>WEB-INF/log4j.xml</param-value>

</context-param>



6) context 로더

<listener>

<listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>

</listener>



<listener>

<listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>

</listener>



7) 에러 페이지
<error-page>
<error-code>403</error-code>
<location>/WEB-INF/jsp/noAuthority.jsp</location>
</error-page>


<error-page>

<exception-type>java.lang.Exception</exception-type>

<location>/tudu/500</location>

</error-page>

<error-page>

<error-code>404</error-code>

<location>/tudu/404</location>

</error-page>



8) 디스플레이 이름

<display-name>Tudu Lists</display-name>



9) 기타 필터

<filter>

<filter-name>springSecurityFilterChain</filter-name>

<filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy</filter-class>

</filter>

<filter-mapping>

<filter-name>springSecurityFilterChain</filter-name>

<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>

</filter-mapping>



<filter>

<filter-name>springSecurityFilterChain</filter-name>

<filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy</filter-class>

</filter>

<filter-mapping>

<filter-name>springSecurityFilterChain</filter-name>

<url-pattern>/tudu/*</url-pattern>

</filter-mapping>

<filter-mapping>

<filter-name>springSecurityFilterChain</filter-name>

<url-pattern>/ajax/*</url-pattern>

</filter-mapping>

<filter-mapping>

<filter-name>springSecurityFilterChain</filter-name>

<url-pattern>/servlet/*</url-pattern>

</filter-mapping>



<filter>

<filter-name>Open Session In View Filter</filter-name>

<filter-class>org.springframework.orm.jpa.support.OpenEntityManagerInViewFilter</filter-class>

</filter>

<filter-mapping>

<filter-name>Open Session In View Filter</filter-name>

<url-pattern>/ajax/*</url-pattern>

</filter-mapping>



<filter>

<filter-name>GZipFilter</filter-name>

<filter-class>net.sf.ehcache.constructs.web.filter.GzipFilter</filter-class>

</filter>

<filter-mapping>

<filter-name>GZipFilter</filter-name>

<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>

</filter-mapping>




<filter>

<filter-name>SimpleCachingHeadersPageCachingFilter</filter-name>

<filter-class>net.sf.ehcache.constructs.web.filter.SimpleCachingHeadersPageCachingFilter</filter-class>

<init-param>

<param-name>suppressStackTraces</param-name>

<param-value>false</param-value>

</init-param>

<init-param>

<param-name>cacheName</param-name>

<param-value>web-cache</param-value>

</init-param>

</filter>

<filter-mapping>

<filter-name>SimpleCachingHeadersPageCachingFilter</filter-name>

<url-pattern>/rss</url-pattern>

</filter-mapping>



10) 기타 리스너

<listener>

<listener-class>org.springframework.security.web.session.HttpSessionEventPublisher</listener-class>

</listener>



<listener>

<listener-class>org.springframework.web.util.Log4jConfigListener</listener-class>

</listener>




<listener>

<listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.request.RequestContextListener</listener-class>

</listener>



<listener>

<listener-class>net.sf.navigator.menu.MenuContextListener</listener-class>

</listener>



11) 기타 서블릿 

<servlet>

<servlet-name>dwr</servlet-name>

<servlet-class>org.directwebremoting.spring.DwrSpringServlet</servlet-class>

<init-param>

<param-name>debug</param-name>

<param-value>true</param-value>

</init-param>

<load-on-startup>2</load-on-startup>

</servlet>

<servlet-mapping>

<servlet-name>dwr</servlet-name>

<url-pattern>/ajax/*</url-pattern>

</servlet-mapping>


<servlet>

<servlet-name>rss</servlet-name>

<servlet-class>tudu.web.servlet.RssFeedServlet</servlet-class>

<load-on-startup>3</load-on-startup>

</servlet>

<servlet-mapping>

<servlet-name>rss</servlet-name>

<url-pattern>/servlet/rss</url-pattern>

</servlet-mapping>



<servlet>

<servlet-name>backup</servlet-name>

<servlet-class>tudu.web.servlet.BackupServlet</servlet-class>

</servlet>

<servlet-mapping>

<servlet-name>backup</servlet-name>

<url-pattern>/servlet/tudu_lists_backup.xml</url-pattern>

</servlet-mapping>







dispatcher_servlet.xml


스프링에서 URL요청에 의해 contoller를 호출하게 되는게 그때 이 설정을 이용하여 controller가 동작하게 되고 결과에 대한 view페이지로 이동하게 됨

web.xml에서 2) dispatcher 서블릿에서 설정한 파일이다




기본구조

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<beans xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"

    xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"

    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"

    xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"

    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"

    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd

       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd

       http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd">


여러가지 설정들...

</beans>



1)component-scan

<context:component-scan base-package="sms"></context:component-scan>




<context:component-scan base-package="controller,dao,logic" />



<context:component-scan base-package="tudu.web.mvc, tudu.web.rest"/>




2)interceptor

<mvc:interceptors>

<mvc:interceptor>

<mvc:mapping path="/**"/>

<bean id="loggerInterceptor" class="sms.common.logger.LoggerInterceptor"></bean>

</mvc:interceptor>

</mvc:interceptors>



<bean id="localeChangeInterceptor"

          class="org.springframework.web.servlet.i18n.LocaleChangeInterceptor">

        <property name="paramName" value="lang"/>

 </bean>






3)annotation-driven

<mvc:annotation-driven />




4)view resolver 관련

<bean

class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.UrlBasedViewResolver" 

p:order="1" 

p:viewClass="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView" 

p:prefix="/WEB-INF/jsp/" 

p:suffix=".jsp">

</bean>



<!-- ViewResolver -->

<bean id="internalResourceViewResolver"

class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">

<property name="viewClass">

<value>org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView</value>

</property>

<property name="prefix">

<value>/WEB-INF/jsp/</value>

</property>

<property name="suffix">

<value>.jsp</value>

</property>

</bean>




<bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.ContentNegotiatingViewResolver">

  <property name="mediaTypes">

            <map>

                <entry key="html" value="text/html"/>

                <entry key="json" value="application/json"/>

            </map>

        </property>

        <property name="viewResolvers">

            <list>

                <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.UrlBasedViewResolver">

                    <property name="viewClass" value="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView"/>

                    <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/views/"/>

                    <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/>

                </bean>

            </list>

        </property>

        <property name="defaultViews">

            <list>

                <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.json.MappingJacksonJsonView"/>

            </list>

        </property>

</bean>




<bean id="localeResolver"

          class="org.springframework.web.servlet.i18n.CookieLocaleResolver"/>



5) multipark resolver 관련

<bean id="multipartResolver"

class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver"

p:maxUploadSize="104857600" 

p:maxInMemorySize="10485760">

</bean>


<bean id="multipartResolver"

          class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver"/>






6)기타 bean 관련

<bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerMapping"/>

<bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter"/>

<!-- <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.annotation.DefaultAnnotationHandlerMapping"/> -->

   

<bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.BeanNameViewResolver" p:order="0" />

<bean id="jsonView" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.json.MappingJacksonJsonView" />    

   

<bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.support.ControllerClassNameHandlerMapping" />


<bean class="org.springframework.jdbc.support.lob.DefaultLobHandler"></bean>


<bean id="handlerMapping"

          class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.annotation.DefaultAnnotationHandlerMapping">

        <property name="interceptors">

            <list>

                <ref bean="localeChangeInterceptor"/>

            </list>

        </property>

</bean>


<bean id="menu" class="net.sf.navigator.menu.MenuLoader">

        <property name="menuConfig" value="/WEB-INF/menu-config.xml"/>

</bean>



7) view-controller

<mvc:view-controller path="/login.html" view-name="masterLogin" />

<mvc:view-controller path="/logout.html" view-name="logout" />










context.xml


주로 데이터베이스와 관련된 설정들이 이곳에 들어가게 된다

web.xml에서 4) context 관련과 5) 기타 context 관련에서 설정한 파일이다



기본 구조

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"

xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"

xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"

xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"

xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"

xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"

xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 

http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd

http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd

http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 

http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd

http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop

http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.0.xsd

http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx

http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd">


여러가지 설정들...


</beans>





1) datasource

<!-- MySQL 설정 -->

    <bean id="dataSource" class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource" destroy-method="close">

        <property name="driverClassName" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"/>

        <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://211.110.61.59/lguplus"/>

        <property name="username" value="paymint"/>

        <property name="password" value="paymint"/>

    </bean>

    

    <!-- 오라클 설정 -->

    <!-- <bean id="dataSource" class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource" destroy-method="close">

        <property name="driverClassName" value="oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver"/>

        <property name="url" value="jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:1521:XE"/>

        <property name="username" value="아이디"/>

        <property name="password" value="비밀번호"/>

    </bean> -->

 


<!-- Data Source -->

<bean id="dataSource"

class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource">

<!-- JDBC드라이버명 설정 -->

<property name="driverClassName">

<value>com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</value>

</property>

<!-- JDBC접속 문자열 설정 -->

<property name="url">

<value>jdbc:mysql://localhost/spring?useUnicode=true&amp;characterEncoding=utf8

</value>

</property>

<!-- MySQL 유저ID 설정 -->

<property name="username">

<value>springuser</value>

</property>

<!-- MySQL 패스워드 설정 -->

<property name="password">

<value>springpassword</value>

</property>

</bean>




<bean id="dataSource"

          class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource"

          destroy-method="close">


        <property name="driverClass" value="${datasource.driverclassname}"/>

        <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${dataSource.url}"/>

        <property name="user" value="${dataSource.username}"/>

        <property name="password" value="${dataSource.password}"/>

        <property name="initialPoolSize" value="10"/>

        <property name="minPoolSize" value="10"/>

        <property name="maxPoolSize" value="${dataSource.maxActive}"/>

        <property name="idleConnectionTestPeriod" value="600"/>

        <property name="acquireIncrement" value="2"/>

        <property name="maxStatements" value="300"/>

        <property name="numHelperThreads" value="10"/>

    </bean>


2) transaction

<bean id="transactionManager"

class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager"

p:dataSource-ref="dataSource">

</bean>


<bean id="transactionManager"

          class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.JpaTransactionManager">

        <property name="entityManagerFactory" ref="entityManagerFactory"/>

</bean>




3) sql session

<bean id="sqlSession" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">

<property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />

<property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:/mapper/**/*_SQL.xml" />

</bean>

<bean id="sqlSessionTemplate" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionTemplate">

        <constructor-arg index="0" ref="sqlSession"/>



4) message source

<!-- MessageSource -->

<bean id="messageSource"

class="org.springframework.context.support.ResourceBundleMessageSource">

<property name="basenames">

<list>

<value>ApplicationResource</value>

<value>messages</value>

</list>

</property>

</bean>




<bean id="messageSource"

          class="org.springframework.context.support.ReloadableResourceBundleMessageSource">

        <property name="basename" value="WEB-INF/messages"/>

</bean>



5) context설정 파일들을 분리했을때 로드설정 부분
<import resource="application-context-infrastructure.xml"/>
<import resource="application-context-infrastructure-env.xml"/>
<import resource="application-context-security.xml"/>
<import resource="application-context-dwr.xml"/>

6) componet-scan
<context:component-scan base-package="tudu.service"/>

7) tx
<tx:annotation-driven />

8) 기타 beans
<!-- JPA annotations bean post processor -->
    <bean class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.support.PersistenceAnnotationBeanPostProcessor"/>
    <!-- Exception translation bean post processor -->
    <bean class="org.springframework.dao.annotation.PersistenceExceptionTranslationPostProcessor"/>

    <bean id="entityManagerFactory"
          class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean">

        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <property name="jpaVendorAdapter">
            <bean class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.vendor.HibernateJpaVendorAdapter">
                <property name="database" value="${jpavendoradapter.database}"/>
                <property name="databasePlatform" value="${jpavendoradapter.databaseplatform}"/>
                <property name="showSql" value="${jpavendoradapter.showsql}"/>
                <property name="generateDdl" value="${jpavendoradapter.generateddl}"/>
            </bean>
        </property>
        <property name="persistenceXmlLocation" value="classpath:META-INF/persistence.xml"/>
    </bean>




이 댓글을 비밀 댓글로
    • 호도
    • 2017.07.13 11:40
    좋은글,,! 이네요
    • 댓글 감사합니다 업데이트 못한 내용도 있는데 좋게봐주셔서 감사합니당